The image embedded above is the cover of the book Special Cases: Natural Anomalies and Historical Monster, from the review at Goodreads. The child in the image had untreated hydrocephalus, a condition where cerebrospinal fluid fails to drain from the skull, and the unfused cranial bones spread widely.
The topic was discussed this week at the always-interesting Quigley's Cabinet, with a link to information about a modern-day child whose family has been unable to afford the appropriate medical treatment: In India, Abdul Rehman's daughter Runa Begum's hydrocephalus has gone untreated because he makes the equivalent of a mere $2.75 a day.
"Day by day, I saw her head growing too big after she was born. It's very difficult to watch her in pain. I pray several times a day for a miracle -- for something to make my child better," he says.