20 August 2013

The CIA confirms it overthrew Iran's Prime Minister, Mohammed Mosaddegh

Excerpts from an article at the National Security Archive:
Washington, D.C., August 19, 2013 – Marking the sixtieth anniversary of the overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, the National Security Archive is today posting recently declassified CIA documents on the United States' role in the controversial operation. American and British involvement in Mosaddeq's ouster has long been public knowledge, but today's posting includes what is believed to be the CIA's first formal acknowledgement that the agency helped to plan and execute the coup.

The explicit reference to the CIA's role appears in a copy of an internal history, The Battle for Iran, dating from the mid-1970s. The agency released a heavily
excised version of the account in 1981 in response to an ACLU lawsuit, but it blacked out all references to TPAJAX, the code name for the U.S.-led operation. Those references appear in the latest release. Additional CIA materials posted today include working files from Kermit Roosevelt, the senior CIA officer on the ground in Iran during the coup. They provide new specifics as well as insights into the intelligence agency's actions before and after the operation...

The issue is more than academic. Political partisans on all sides, including the Iranian government, regularly invoke the coup to argue whether Iran or foreign powers are primarily responsible for the country's historical trajectory, whether the United States can be trusted to respect Iran's sovereignty, or whether Washington needs to apologize for its prior interference before better relations can occur...

While the National Security Archive applauds the CIA's decision to make these materials available, today's posting shows clearly that these materials could have been safely declassified many years ago without risk of damage to the national security...

But all 21 of the CIA items posted today (in addition to 14 previously unpublished British documents — see Sidebar), reinforce the conclusion that the United States, and the CIA in particular, devoted extensive resources and high-level policy attention toward bringing about Mosaddeq's overthrow, and smoothing over the aftermath.  
The aftermath included the return to power of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi ("The Shah of Iran"), and the establishment of the SAVAK (secret police), whose torture methods included "electric shock, whipping, beating, inserting broken glass and pouring boiling water into the rectum, tying weights to the testicles, and the extraction of teeth and nails."

One can't emphasize enough that Mosaddeq had been democratically-elected by the people of Iran.  The U.S. and Britain had him overthrown in order to gain access to Iran's oil resources.

Does anyone still wonder why many Iranians distrust and/or dislike the U.S.?

Additional details in the relevant Wikipedia entry.  Via Reddit, where other relevant coups are listed.

5 comments:

  1. Most Americans are utterly unaware of the sheer volume and detriment of US foreign meddling that stretches back now well over a century.

    Like mushrooms, our state run inculcation centers raise bellicose patriots by keeping them in the dark and feeding them shit.

    Is it any wonder so many Americans can be won over by logic as insane as "they hate us because we're free"?

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  2. Thank you for posting this. I hope more people will come to understand how we got to where we are today with Iran, and not just get their information from Hollywood films...

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  3. In South America (Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia) we had the plan Condor, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Condor. We are struggling economically and socially since the seventies because of this plan generated in the CIA headquarters. But we love the USA anyway

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  4. Does anyone still wonder if the US supports and encourages terrorism?

    Ans: Most US citizens.

    http://www.democracynow.org/2012/6/11/will_the_real_terrorist_please_stand

    ReplyDelete

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