A notorious delicacy of the Roman Empire mentioned in Petronius’ Satyricon (served dipped in honey), the dormouse remains a traditional food in Slovenia—particularly in the southern regions of Dolenska, Bela Krajina, and Notranska. Dormouse hunting season lasts from late September until the first snow, and each hunt is a ritualized event that involves setting traps and staying up all night. (Part of the appeal of this practice is the companionship of lying in wait and keeping warm with fortifying spirits; but there is a mythical significance, too: Local legend has it that the devil himself is a shepherd of dormice, so killing the rodents may historically have been seen as a way of battling evil.)The article at Gourmet explains how to stew the cute little fellows in red wine with vegetables.
The edible dormouse actually has "edible" as a standard part of its name. The "dormouse" "comes from Anglo-Norman dormeus, which means "sleepy (one)"; the word was later altered by folk etymology to resemble the word "mouse". The sleepy behaviour of the Dormouse character in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland also attests to this trait... Dormouse fat was used by the Elizabethans to induce sleep."
Presumably it is the fat stored for hibernation that makes them such a culinary delight.
Left photograph by Borut Peterlin; Right photograph by Robert Spoenlein/zefa/corbis.